Hidden Meaning of Antique and Victorian Jewellery
by EMMA REEVES
Sentiment jewellery became popular throughout the Middle Ages and well into the 18th century. Rings were made with sentimental inscriptions engraved onto the surface, or inside the ring. These rings, referred to as ‘Posy rings’, can look like a plain wedding ring with the inscribed wording usually in English or French. Jewellery of love and sentiment included acrostic brooches, rings and pendants. Acrostic jewellery is believed to have originated in Paris in the early 1800s and was first created by Mellerio, a famous Parisian jewellery company, before being adopted in England. In the Victorian period secret messages and symbols were very popular as a way of expressing feelings. The Victorians were masters of hidden messages. This was the beautiful way a man could express his love by presenting a ring to his loved one or the one he liked to get their attention. When it came to courting, men went through complicated processes to court women, closely guarded by their parents and chaperones. Jewellery expressed a deep message, more than he was able to communicate in person. The symbols to look out for and what they mean:
Messages were spelled out by using the initial letters of precious or semi-precious gemstones set in gold.
The word forms part of the phrase “with my REGARDs” or “I highly REGARD you,” The gemstones used would be Ruby, Emerald, Garnet, Amethyst, Ruby and Diamond.
‘Love’ by Lapis-lazuli, Opal, Vermeil (hessonite garnet) and Emerald.
Like a little love message you can wear to show that someone special is telling you, “I ADORE you!” It also tells others out there you already have someone interested. The gemstones used were Amethyst, Diamond, Opal, Ruby and Emerald.
This little ring proclaims its giver’s sentiments with like a little love note; to my ‘Dearest’ used Diamond, Emerald, Amethyst, Ruby, Emerald, Sapphire and Topaz. Pearls were used as a symbol of tears and used in a lot of mourning jewellery. These were worn when they were thinking of a departed loved one.
The heart shape has been popular since the 17th century to the present day. The combination of ‘two hearts entwined’ means forever in my heart. We see a small amount of Georgian examples. Good examples are rare to come across and are therefore more desirable. They would be set with old mine cushion cut diamonds and gemstones with closed backs and detail to the shoulders with a bow or miniature coronet to the top. A crown on the top of a heart symbolizes ‘ruler of my heart’. Victorian Heart jewellery is of similar design, just a little bit heavier in the style and setting with open back work.
The horseshoe is a symbol of good luck and protects from evil. It became popular around 1880, when there was an increase in superstition. It was also thought that the horseshoe should always have the opening pointing upwards, as if it was turned around, it was bad luck as all the good luck had been poured out.
Clasped Hands or Fede
Hands clasped or offering flowers are a symbol of friendship. They are also known as Fede rings. Good examples of these rings will have very detailed hands and sometimes gemstones set to the fingers. They also made Fede rings that opened up to reveal a heart or flower underneath.
Snake or Serpents
Queen Victoria’s engagement ring from Prince Albert was a snake with its tail in its mouth, which was a symbol of eternal or everlasting love.
Peaking in the 1840s, the snake represented wisdom and eternity during this period and was the popular motif on rings, bracelets, brooches and necklaces. Snake rings were made in a number of different styles. The bodies of the snake were made up of one, two or three gold bands sometimes with jewelled heads set with diamonds or rubies. The finest and well-made snake rings will show well-defined snakeheads.
The serpent bracelet and necklace was designed to show a serpent coiled around the wrist or neck. The finest snake necklaces have a royal blue enamel head encrusted with diamonds, pearls or gemstones with ruby or diamond set eyes. Usually a heart shaped pendant containing a lock of hair was suspended from the reptile’s mouth. In other examples, the snake would have a gold-coiled body encrusted with turquoise, or just the head, which was a popular design.
Flowers symbolise the biggest part of all the jewellery symbols. From around 1830, it became popular to “say it with flowers” a way to express love and friendship. Popular motifs included pansies, forget-me-nots, and roses made from gold and silver set with diamonds and turquoise on brooches, earrings, lockets and rings. A large selection of Forget-me-not flowers were set with turquoise, which was chosen for the color and became known as the gemstone for the Forget-me-not motif.
By the 1850s, the early designs had given way to more extravagant and complex works of art with extreme sprays of diamond encrusted flowers and large corsage ornaments, which sometimes featured naturalistic green enameled leaves.
A list of a few floral symbols:
Forget-me-not – Remember me and True Love
Chrysanthemum – Love
Ivy – Everlasting love and marriage
Pansies – Thinking of you
Fern – Sincere
Rose – Love, Hope, Joy
Other sentimental themes included love and song birds, hair jewellery, and Mizpah brooches which means “The Lord watch between me and thee when we are absent one from another” and miniatures. For example, a brooch with a honeybee and a crescent moon could represent the word “honeymoon” and would possibly be a gift from a husband to his new bride on their wedding night.
How to identify a sentimental piece of jewellery:
- The design/symbol of the ring, this can include; hearts, horseshoe, clasped hands, serpents, flowers and plants.
- The ring must be mounted in gold, or silver and gold.
- What gemstones are in the ring? Do they spell a name or meaning?
- Does the setting and metal show signs of wear?
- Are the diamonds old cut and of slightly different sizes?
- Does the item open up to show a hidden message?
First published in Omenka magazine Volume 2 issue 1.
December 11, 2017
November 20, 2017